Our Hands are Stained with Blood

Bibliographical Supplement

This is in the process of being updated from the 1992 edition.

Chapter One

The literature on the Holocaust is vast and continues to grow.

Major historical studies include: Lucy S. Dawidowicz, The War Against the Jews 1933-1945 (New York: Bantam, 1986); Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 3 vols. (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1985); Nora Levin, The Destruction of European Jewry 1933-1945 (New York: Schocken, 1973); Leni Yallin, The Holocaust (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990). Especially rich in eyewitness accounts is: Martin Gilbert, The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (New York: Henry Holt, 1985).

For the tragic and moving diary of an entire community, see Alan Adelson and Robert Lapides, eds., The Lodz Ghetto: Inside a Community Under Siege (New York: Viking, 1989). An excellent anthology by leading Holocaust authors is: Albert H. Friedlander, ed., Out of the Whirlwind: A Reader of Holocaust Literature (New York: Schocken, 1976). A major pictorial collection is: Yitzhak Arad, Pictorial History of the Holocaust (Jerusalem/New York: Yad Vashem/MacMillan, 1991). The authoritative reference work is: Israel Gutman, ed., Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, 4 vols. (New York: MacMillan, 1990).

See also the works cited at the end of the Supplement to Chapter Four (regarding Jewish piety during the Holocaust), as well to Chapter Seven (regarding the denial of the Holocaust). For a listing of thousands of other studies, see Abraham J. Edelheit and Herschel Edelheit, eds., Bibliography on Holocaust Literature (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1986); and idem, Bibliography on Holocaust Literature: Supplement (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1990).


Chapter Two

For general surveys of the history of “Christian” anti-Semitism, see Edward Flannery, The Anguish of the Jews: Twenty-Three Centuries of Antisemitism (New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1985); John G. Gager, The Origins of Anti-Semitism (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1983); Malcolm Hay, The Roots of Christian Anti-Semitism (New York: Liberty Press, 1981); Jules Isaac, The Teaching of Contempt: Christian Roots of Anti-Semitism (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1964); James Parkes, The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue: A Study in the Origins of Antisemitism (New York: Atheneum, 1985); David A. Rausch, A Legacy of Hatred: Why Christians Must Not Forget the Holocaust (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1990); Rosemary R. Reuther, Faith and Fratricide: The Theological Roots of Anti-Semitism (New York: Seabury, 1974); Samuel Sandmel, Anti-Semitism in the New Testament? (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1978); Frank Ephraim Talmage, ed., Disputation and Dialogue: Readings in the Jewish-Christian Encounter (New York: Ktav/Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1975); see also the works cited in the Supplements to Chapters Six, Seven and Fifteen.

For responses to the charge that the New Testament and/or Christology itself is anti-Semitic, cf. Gregory Baum, Is the New Testament Anti-Semitic? (New York: Paulist Press, 1965); Eugene Fischer, Faith Without Prejudice: Rebuilding Christian Attitudes Toward Judaism (New York: Paulist Press, 1977), 54-75; Donald A. Hagner, The Jewish Reclamation of Jesus: An Analysis and Critique of the Modern Jewish Study of Jesus (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1984), 288-293; T. A. Indinopulos and R. B. Ward, “Is Christology Inherently Anti-Semitic?” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 45 (1977), 193-214; Daniel Juster, “Are the Gospels Anti-Semitic?”, in idem and John Fischer, eds., The Enduring Paradox: Jewishness and Belief in Jesus; M. Barth, “Was Paul an anti-Semite?”, Journal of Ecumenical Studies 5 (1968), 78-104; W. D. Davies, “Paul and the People of lsrael,” in his Jewish and Pauline Studies (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984), 123-152 (esp. 134-143); Franz Mussner, Tractate on the Jews: The Significance of Judaism for the Christian Faith (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984), 133-153.


Chapter Three

I am not aware of any scholarly books devoted specifically to the general subject of Christian “philo-Semitism.”

For acts of Christian heroism during the Holocaust, see Philip Friedman, Their Brothers’ Keepers (New York: Crown Publishers, 1957); Mordecai Paltiel, Path of the Righteous: Gentile Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust (Hoboken, NJ: Ktav 1991); Andre Stein, Quiet Heroes: True Stories of the Rescue of Jews by Christians in Nazi-occupied Holland (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1991); Nechama Tee, When Light Pierced Darkness: Christian Rescue of Jews in Nazi Occupied Poland (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986); and the literature cited in Flannery, Anguish of the Jews (cited in the Sup­plement to Chapter Two, above), 336, n. 27. For the Corrie ten Boom story, see Corrie ten Boom, with John and Elizabeth Sherrill, The Hiding Place (Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, 1971); and Corrie ten Boom, Prison Letters (Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, 1975). Note also Christian History 32 (Vol. X, No.4), on Dietrich Bonhoeffer; and cf. Jakob Jocz, The Jewish People and Jesus Christ After Auschwitz: A Study in the Controversy Between Church and Synagogue (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1981).


Chapter Four

Many books have been written on Jewish faith and practice, for the general reader as well as for the advanced student. The following represents just a tiny selection.

On Jewish thought and practice, see Benjamin Blech, Understanding Judaism: The Basics of Deed and Creed (Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1991); Haim Halevy Donin, To Be a Jew (New York: Basic Books, 1991); Louis Jacobs, Principles of the Jewish Faith (New York: Basic Books, 1964); Alfred J. Kolatch, The Jewish Book of Why (Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David, 1981); cf. also Joseph Telushkin, Jewish Literacy (New York: William Morrow and Co., 1991). On the Holy Days, see Abraham P. Bloch, The Biblical and Historical Background of the Jewish Holy Days (New York: Ktav, 1978); Irving Greenberg, The Jewish Way (New York: Summit Books, 1988); and the anthologies on the major Holy Days by Philip Goodman (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1971-).

On Jewish customs, see Abraham P. Bloch, The Biblical and Historical Background of the Jewish Customs and Ceremonies (New York: Ktav, 1980); Abraham Chill, The Minhagim: The Customs and Ceremonies of Judaism, Their Origins and Rationale (New York: Sepher-Hermon Press, 1979).

For an introduction to the main bodies of rabbinic literature, see Noah Aminoah and Yosef Nitzan, Torah: The Oral Tradition (World Zionist Organization: Department for Torah Education and Culture in the Diaspora, n.d.); Barry W. Holtz, Back to the Sources: Reading the Classic Jewish Texts (New York: Summit Books, 1984); idem, Finding Our Way: Jewish Texts and the Lives We Lead Today (New York: Schocken, 1990); Jacob Neusner, Invitation to the Talmud (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1984); idem, Invitation to the Midrash (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1989); Adin Steinsaltz, The Essential Talmud (New York: Bantam Books, 1976). Useful collections of rabbinic writings and teachings include: A. Cohen, ed., Everyman’s Talmud (New York: Schocken, 1975); Nathan N. Glatzer, ed., Hammer on the Rock: A Short Midrash Reader (New York: Schocken, 1962); C. G. Montefiore and H. Loewe, eds., A Rabbinic Anthology (New York: Schocken, 1974). For Jewish piety during the Holocaust, see Eliezer Berkovits, With God in Hell (New York: Sanhedrin Press, 1979); Mordechai Eliab, ed., Ani Ma 'amin, (Hebrew, “I Believe”; Jerusalem: Mosad Harav Kook, 1988); Yaffa Eliach, Hasidic Tales of the Holocaust (New York: Vintage, 1988); Ephraim Oshry, Responsa from the Holocaust (New York: Judaica Press, 1989, a translation by Y. Leiman of selections from the five volume Hebrew work Sheilos Utshuvos Mima‘amakim [“Queries and Responses (concerning Jewish practice and Law) from the Depths]); Irving J. Rosenbaum, The Holocaust and Halakhah (New York: Ktav, 1976).

For Jewish prayer and worship, see the Supplement to Chapter Eleven.


Chapter Five

In this Supplement are listed books on the Jewish background to the New Testament, the Jewishness of Jesus, the Jewish roots of the Christian faith, and the prophetic significance of Israel's Holy Days.

The Supplement to Chapter Eight lists books primarily dealing with Paul's Jewishness, as well as with contemporary Messianic Jewish issues.

The following is a small, but representative, sampling of recent literature, including works authored by Protestant, Roman Catholic, Seventh Day Adventist, Messianic Jewish, Orthodox, Conservative and Reform Jewish scholars:

James H. Charlesworth, Jesus Within Judaism (Garden City: Doubleday, 1988); idem, ed., Jesus’ Jewishness (New York: Crossroad, 1991); E. P. Sanders, Jesus and Judaism (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986); R. T. France and David Wenham, eds., Gospel Perspectives, Vol. 3: Studies in Midrash and Historiography (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1983); Marvin R. Wilson, Our Father Abraham: Jewish Roots of the Christian Faith (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989); Brad H. Young, Jesus and His Jewish Parables (New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1989); Terrance Callan, Forgetting the Root: The Emergence of Christianity from Judaism (New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1986); Bernard J. Lee, S.M., The Galilean Jewishness of Jesus: Retrieving the Jewish Origins of Christianity (New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1988); Val Ambrose Mcinnes, O.P., ed., Renewing the Judeo-Christian Wellsprings (New York: Crossroad, 1987); Jaques Doukhan, Drinking At the Sources (Mountain View, California: Pacific Press, 1981); David H. Stem, Restoring the Jewishness of the Gospel (Jerusalem: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1988); Harvey Falk, Jesus the Pharisee: A New Look at the Jewishness of Jesus (New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1985); Samuel Tobias Lachs, A Rabbinic Commentary on the New Testament: The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke (New York/Hoboken: The Anti­Defamation League/Ktav, 1987); Philip Sigal, The Halakah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986); Irving Zeitlin, Jesus and the Judaism of His Time (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988). For an evaluation of contemporary Jewish studies on Jesus, as well as for references to the works of I. Abrahams, S. Ben-Chorin, D. Daube, D. Flusser, J. Klausner, P. Lapide, C. G. Montefiore, S. Sandmel, G. Vermes, et al., see Donald Hagner, The Jewish Reclamation of Jesus (cited in the Supplement to Chapter Two, above). For the prophetic meaning of the Holy Days, see Victor Buksbazen, The Gospel in the Feasts of Israel (Fort Washington, PA: Christian Literature Crusade, 1954); John Fischer, “The Meaning and Importance of the Jewish Holidays,” in Sid Roth, Time is Running Short (Ship­ pensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 1990),177-194; Martha Zimmerman, Celebrate the Feasts (Minneapolis: Bethany, 1981); Mitch and Zhava Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Israel (Chicago: Moody, 1987); cf. also Joseph Good, Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come: A Messianic Jewish Interpretation of the Feast of Trumpets (Port Arthur, TX: HaTikvah Ministries, 1989); and Daniel Juster, Revelation: The Passover Key (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 1991).


Chapter Six

On contemporary media bias against Israel, as well as common misconceptions on the Palestinian issue, see Yitschak Ben Gad, Politics, Lies and Videotape. 3,000 Questions and Answers on the Mideast Crisis (New York: Shapolsky Publishers, 1991); Leonard J. Davis (eds., Eric Rozenmann and Jeff Rubin), Myths and Facts: A Guide to the Arab-Israeli Conflict (online at https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/myths-and-facts-toc); Stephen Karetzky and Peter Goldman, eds., The Media’s War Against Israel (New York: Steimatzky-Shapolsky, 1986); Uri Algom, Daniel Dishon, Yoel Cohen, and Arden J. Goldman, “The War in Lebanon,” Encyclopedia Judaica Year Book 1983/5 (Jerusalem: Keter, 1985), cols. 18-67.

See further the articles posted on CAMERA (Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America), at https://www.camera.org/; note also the resources posted by FLAME (Facts and Logic about the Middle East), at https://www.factsandlogic.org/.

For monitoring of Palestinian propaganda, see the Palestinian Media Watch website at http://palwatch.org/; for propaganda from the larger Muslim in the Middle East, see the Middle East Media Research Institute TV Project (MEMRI TV), at https://www.memri.org/tv; see further the UN Watch website at https://unwatch.org/en/.

For some evangelical Christian perspectives on the Mideast crisis, see David Dolan, Holy War for the Promised Land: Israel's Struggle to Survive in the Muslim Middle East (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1991); George Grant, The Blood of the Moon (Brentwood, TN: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1991); M. Basilea Schlink, Israel at the Heart of World Events: A Perspective on the Middle East Situation Written During the Gulf War (Darmstadt-Eberstadt, Germany: Evangelical Sisterhood of Mary, 1991); Michael Rydelnik, Understanding the Arab-Israeli Conflict: What the Headlines Haven't Told You (Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2007).

For a balanced assessment of the Palestinian uprising, see Ze'ev Schiff and Ehud Ya'ari, Intifada (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989).

For the human dimensions of the Arab-Israeli struggle, see David K. Shipler, Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land (New York: Penguin Books, 1987); Raphael Patai, The Seed of Abraham: Jews and Arabs in Contact and Conflict (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1986); idem, The Arab Mind (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1983); idem, The Jewish Mind (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1977); cf. also Amos Elon, The Israelis: Founders and Sons (New York: Penguin Books, 1981); and Elias Chacour with David Hazard, Blood Brothers (Old Tappan, N.J.:Revell, 1984); for strong criticism of Israel from a Palestinian perspective, cf. Naim Stifan Ateek, Justice and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989).


Chapter Seven

For general studies of medieval slander against the Jews, see Joshua Trachtenberg, The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and its Relation to Modern Antisemitism (New York: Meridian Books, 1961); and James Parkes, The Jew in the Medieval Community (New York: Sepher-Hennon Press, 1976); see also the Encyclopedia Judaica articles on “Blood Libel” (by Haim Hillel Ben-Sasson and Yehuda Slutsky), “Desecration of the Host” (by Cecil Roth), “Wandering Jew” (Yvonne Glikson), “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” (Leon Poliakov), “The Dreyfus Affair” (Moshe Catane) and “The ‘Doctors’ Plot” (Jonathan Frankel), collected in Anti-Semitism (Jerusalem: Keter, 1974).

For more on the Protocols, a work described by Paul F. Boller, Jr. and John George as “one of the most widely circulating forgeries in modern times” (They Never Said It: A Book of Quotes, Misquotes, and Misleading Attributions [New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989), 106-107), see esp. Norman Cohn, Warrant for Genocide: The Jewish World Conspiracy and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion (New York: Harper & Row, 1966); and cf. also Cliff Goldstein, “The Protocols Bug,” Shabbat Shalom, January-March 1991,11-13. The “Khazar conversion” theory of Arthur Koestler has been thoroughly refuted by reputable scholars of Jewish history; for a useful summary of Koestler's errors, see John Powledge, Replacement Theology: The Denial of Covenant? (M. Div. Thesis, Messiah Biblical Institute and Graduate School of Theology, 1991), “Appendix C: McKeever, Koestler and the Khazars: Questions of Validity and Factuality in Historical Research”; of special note is the French article by Simon Szyszman, “La Question des Khazars: Essai de Mise an Point,” Jewish Quarterly Review 73 (1982), 189-202. On the pseudo-scholarly denial of the Holocaust, see Lucy S. Dawidowicz, “Lies About the Holocaust,” Commentary 70/6 (December, 1980), 31-37; idem, The Holocaust and the Historians (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1981); Israel Gutman, “Holocaust, Denial of,” in Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Vol. 2, 681-686, with bibliography of key monographs on 686. On slanderous attacks against the Tal­ mud, see the Encyclopedia Judaica articles on “Eisenmenger, Johann Andreas” (Vol. 6, cols. 545-546) and “Rohling, August” (Vol. 14, 224); and note also H. L. Strack and G. Sternberger, Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1991), 241-244, with bibliography on 241.

See also the works cited in the Supplements to Chapters Six and Fifteen.


Chapter Eight

Basic studies of the Inquisition include: Henry C. Lea, A History of the Inquisition in Spain, 4 vols. (New York: Harbor, 1955); Henry A. F. Kamen, The Spanish Inquisition (New York: The American Library, 1966); Cecil Roth, The Spanish Inquisition (New York: W. W. Norton, 1964); for additional bibliography, see Encyclopedia Judaica, Vol. 8, col. 1407; a key work on the “Conversos” is Cecil Roth, A History of the Marranos (New York: Schocken, 1974).

For the primary sources, see H. Beinart, ed., Records of the Trials of the Spanish Inquisition in Ciudad Real, Vols. 1-4 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1974-1985).

On contemporary Messianic Jewish issues, interacting also with the earlier work of J. Danielou, H. J. Schoeps, M. Simon, et al.,  see Daniel Juster, Jewish Roots: A Foundation of Biblical Theology for Messianic Judaism (rev. ed;, Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 2013); Michael Schiffman, Synagogue of the Messiah: Messianic Judaism from the First Century to the Present (Bay Terrace, NY: Teshuvah Publishing, 1992); David H. Stem, Messianic Jewish Manifesto (Jerusalem: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1988); cf. also Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Israelology: The Missing Link in Systematic Theology (Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 1989); for a historical perspective on “Jewish Christianity” (i.e., Messianic Judaism), cf. Jakob Jocz, The Jewish People and Jesus Christ: The Relationship Between Church and Synagogue (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1979); and Ray A. Pritz, Nazarene Jewish Christianity: From the End of the New Testament Period until Its Disappearance in the Fourth Century (Jerusalem/Leiden: Magnes/E. J. Brill, 1988).

A strong case for the continuation of the seventh day as the Sabbath has been made by Samuel Bacchiocchi, From Sabbath to Sunday: A Historical Investigation of the Rise of Sunday Observance in Early Christianity (Rome: The Pontifical Gregorian Univ. Press, 1977); cf. also idem, Divine Rest for Human Restlessness: A Theological Study of the Good News of the Sabbath for Today (Berrien Springs, Ml: by the author, 1984); for interaction with Bacchiocchi's work, see D. A. Carson, eel., From Sabbath to Lord's Day: A Biblical, Historical and Theological Investigation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1982).

For a recent Christian study on the importance of the Sabbath (arguing for its biblical transferral to Sunday), see Will Chantry, Call the Sabbath a Delight (Carlise, PA: Banner of Truth, 1991).

A classic Jewish work on the Sabbath is Abraham Joshua Heschel, The Sabbath: Its Meaning for Modern Man (New York: Noonday Press, 1991). Contemporary study on Paul and the Law is voluminous; for a summary of (and interaction with) key recent scholarship, including the writings of W. D. Davies, L. Gaston, E. P. Sanders, H. Raisanen, H. Hubner, et al., see Stephen Westerholm, Israel's Law and the Church's Faith: Paul and His Recent Interpreters (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988); and cf. James D. G. Dunn, Jesus, Paul, and the Law: Studies in Mark and Galatians (Louisville, KY: Westminster, 1990). See also the Supplement to Chapter Five.


Chapter Nine

Basic studies of the Crusades include:

Hans E. Mayer, The Crusades (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1972); Robert Payne, The Dream and the Tomb: A History of the Crusades (New York: Dorset Press, 1984); Jonathan Riley-Smith, The Crusades: A Short History (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1990); Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, 3 vols. (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1952-1954); Kenneth M. Setton, ed., A History of the Crusades (Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1969); cf. also Salo Wittmayer Baron, A Social and Religious History of the Jews, Vol. 4 (New York/Philadelphia: Columbia Univ. Press/The Jewish Publication Society, 1957); Shlomo Eidelberg, The Jews and the Crusaders: The Hebrew Chronicles of the First and Second Crusades (Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1977); Francesco Gabrieli, ed., Arab Historians of the Crusades (New York: Dorset Press, 1989). More fully, see Kenneth M. Setton, et al., eds., A History of the CrusadesVols. 1-6 (Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969-1989).

For a sympathetic study, see Rodney Stark, God’s Battalions: The Case for the Crusades (New York: Harper One, 2009), and cf. https://billmuehlenberg.com/2015/01/20/on-the-crusades/.  For further studies (through 1969), consult the bibliographical work of Hans E. Mayer, Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Kreuzzüge (Hanover: Hahnsche Buchhandlung, 1969). See also Dr. Alan Lupack, “Library Resources: The Crusades—An Annotated Bibliography for Teachers,” https://once-and-future-classroom.org/archives/?page_id=456


Chapter Ten

For the intercessory ministry of tears, see Wesley L. Deuwel, Ablaze for God (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1989), 237-247; and Leonard Ravenhill, Revival God’s Way (Minneapolis: Bethany, 1983),69-74.

For classic examples of the power of brokenhearted prayer, see Captain E. G. Carre, ed., Praying Hyde (South Plainfield, NJ: Bridge Publishing, 1982); Norman Grubb, Rees Howells: Intercessor (Fort Washington, PA: Christian Literature Crusade, n.d.).

A powerful call for Christian compassion toward Israel is: M. Basilea Schlink, Israel, My Chosen People (Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, 1988); see also idem, Comfort, Comfort My People (Darmstadt-Eberstadt, Germany: Evangelical Sisterhood of Mary, 1989); and cf. Andrew Bonar, ed., Memoir and Remains of Robert Murray M'Cheyne (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1966), 187-198.


Chapter Eleven

Among the many works written on Jewish prayer and worship, the following serve as useful introductions:

Haim Halevy Donin, To Pray as a Jew (New York: Basic Books, 1980); Evelyn Oarfiel, Service of the Heart: A Guide to the Jewish Prayer Book (Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1989); Abraham Millgram, Jewish Worship (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1971); Elie Munk, The World of Prayer, 2 vols. (New York: Feldheim, n.d.); cf. also the various editions of the Siddur (Jewish Prayer Book), esp. the Art Scroll Siddur, the Metsudah Siddur and the editions of the Prayer Book by the Chofetz Chaim, J. H. Hertz, S. R. Hirsch and Philip Birnbaum. On the Eighteen Benedictions, see Avrohom Chaim Feuer, Shemoneh Esrei: The Amidah: The Eighteen Benedictions (New York: Mesorah Publications, 1990).


Chapters Twelve, Thirteen, and Fourteen

On the modem State of Israel and the Bible, cf. Arthur W. Kac, The Rebirth of the State of Israel: Is It of God or of Men? (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1976); idem, The Death and Resurrection of Israel: A Message of Hope for a 1ime of Trouble (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1976).

For a critique of both Dispensational and Covenantal hermeneutics, emphasizing the unity of the Mosaic and New Covenants, see Daniel P. Fuller, Gospel and Law: Contrast or Continuum?; for a critique of Replacement (or Fulfillment) Theology, see the M. Div. Thesis of John Powledge (cited in the Supplement to Chapter Seven, above); and, concisely, Keith Parker, “Is the Church the New Israel'? A Biblical Analysis of the Teachings of Replacement Theology,” in Sid Roth, Time is Running Short (cited in the Supplement to Chapter Eight, above), 203-219; cf. also Daniel Juster, in idem and Keith Intrater, Israel, the Church and the Last Days (Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image, 1990), 1-102.

Concerning the exegesis of Romans 9-11, see esp. the commentaries of James D. G. Dunn (Word), C. E. B. Cranfield (ICC), Douglas Moo (NICNT), and Thomas Schreiner (BECNT); see also Joseph Shulam and Hilary LeCornu, A Commentary on the Jewish Roots of Romans (Baltimore, MD: Messianic Jewish Resources International, 2006).


Chapter Fifteen

For general studies on anti-Semitism, see Paul E. Grosser and Edwin G. Halpern, Anti-Semitism, Causes and Effects (New York: Philosophical Library, 1983); Jacob Katz, From Prejudice to Destruction: Anti-Semitism, 1700-1933 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1980); Gavin A. Langmuir, Toward a Definition of Antisemitism (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1990); Bernard Lewis, Semites and anti-Semites: An Enquiry into Conflict and Prejudice (New York: W. W. Norton, 1986); Barnet Litvinoff, The Burning Bush: Anti-Semitism and World History (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1988); Leon Poliakov, The History of Anti-Semitism: From the Time of Christ to the Court Jews (New York: Schocken, 1974); idem, The History of Anti-Semitism: From Voltaire to Wagner (New York: Vanguard Press, 1975); Dennis Prager and Joseph Telushkin, Why the Jews? The Reason for Antisemitism (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983); Jean-Paul Sartre, Anti-Semite and Jew (New York: Schocken, 1965).

Note also the collection of Encyclopedia Judaica articles on anti-Semitism (Anti-Semitism, cited in the Supplement to Chapter Seven, above), esp.1-67; and see the works cited in the Supplements to Chapters Two, Six and Seven.


Chapter Sixteen

For Israel and the end-times, see the Supplement to Chapters Twelve through Fourteen, and note Keith Intrater in Juster and Intrater, Israel, the Church and the Last Days (cited in the Supplement to Chapters Twelve through Fourteen, above),103-141; of the many works which express the connection between fervent prayer and revival, see in particular Leonard Ravenhill, Why Revival Tarries (Minneapolis: Bethany, 1990); idem, Revival Praying (Minneapolis: Bethany, 1989); Mary Stuart Relfe, The Cure of All Ills (Montgomery, AL: League of Prayer, 1988); James Alexander Stewart, Opened Windows: The Church and Revival (Asheville, NC: Revival Literature, n.d.); Arthur Wallis, In the Day of Thy Power (Columbia, MO/Fort Washington, PA: Cityhill Publishing/Christian Literature Crusade, 1990); cf. also James Edwin Orr, The Event of the Century: The 1857-1858 Awakening (Richard Owen Roberts, ed.; Wheaton, IL: International Awakening Press, 1989); Charles G. Finney, Revival Lectures (Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, n.d.); and see the Supplement to Chapter Ten.



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